Covid-19 bailouts: Big week for big European airlines (1st May)
This is the seventh updated summary of airline demands for state support and bailout proposals by governments around the world.
The tables below contain the demands or stakeholder approaches of approximately 127 carriers (including airline subsidiaries inside holding groups) and 23 industry associations, as well as the policies or proposed measures of 56 countries and EU-level entities. Ishka estimates that as of 1st May governments are preparing or executing $92.5 billion in confirmed bailouts or assistance measures for airlines globally. Unconfirmed reports suggest the total tally could be as high as $111.8 billion.
Ishka’s definition of government support for airlines encompasses any monetarily quantified relief measure provided by states or state-backed entities, including deferrals of taxes or operational charges, state-backed commercial loans and the nationalisation of airlines.
The tally of confirmed bailouts grew by approximately $15.7 billion over the past week, the biggest week-on-week increase since the approval of the US CARES Act at the end of March. The $15.7 billion increase consists of the following additions:
- The Estonian government on 24th April increased the share capital of national carrier Nordica by €30 million ($32.5 million) to help it weather the Covid-19 crisis;
- Air France-KLM is due to receive approximately a €10 billion ($10.9 billion) government bailout, with €7 billion provided by France (€4 billion state-backed bank loan and €3 billion direct loan) as well as another €2 billion to €4 billion from the Dutch government, the respective governments announced on 23rd and 24th April.
- The German federal government and Hessian state government on 27th April pledged leisure carrier Condor a €294 million ($319 million) bridging loan as well as a further €256 million ($278 million) to refinance an existing government bridging loan granted last year after the demise of its former parent company, Thomas Cook.
- Romania's government approved €130 million ($140 million) in loans to Blue Air and Tarom to help them overcome the Covid-19 crisis, SeeNews reported on 27th April.
- Russia’s Yakutia Airlines on 28th April said it had received a loan of more than 448 million rubles ($6 million) from a state Covid-19 financial assistance fund.
- The state-owned Korea Development Bank (KDB) is due to inject 1.2 trillion won ($991 million) in Korean Air, according to a 27th April report.
- Spain’s State bank Instituto de Credito Oficial (ICO) granted guarantees to IAG for two syndicated facilities: €750 million ($823 million) for Iberia and €260 million for Vueling ($285 million), IAG announced on 30th April.
- The Swiss government on 29th April announced an aid package worth almost CHF 1.9 billion ($1.96 billion) for airlines in the country, including CHF1.275 billion ($1.31 billion) for Lufthansa units SWISS and Edelweiss.
Most of the state loans granted in Europe listed above are pending approval by the European Commission.
With the confirmation of some of those bailouts, the tally of bailout packages still in the works (those yet to be confirmed) shrunk from $22.6 billion to $8.32 billion. Ishka notes, however, the addition of a proposed 58.1 billion baht ($1.8 billion) emergency loan with a government guarantee for Thai Airways to this tally as well as a €10 billion ($10.98 billion) bailout from the German government to Lufthansa reportedly under negotiation.
The Ishka View
At least half of the world’s 20 largest airlines have now received (or are due to receive) government support following the assistance for some key European carriers this week. But as large carriers receive respite, smaller competitors are being left out in the cold – at least for now. This week saw airlines in French overseas territories demanding similar support to that awarded to Air France; in Switzerland, an EasyJet subsidiary was left empty-handed as rival airlines received state-backed loans; and in Spain only Iberia and Vueling, the two largest homegrown airlines, have so far accessed government loans – even though a greater number are believed to have requested them.
This big-carrier-first approach to airline bailouts could result in further consolidation and may motivate begrudging competitors like Ryanair or Wizz Air to initiate legal action against countries or the EU. Both airlines have insisted that state aid for airlines must benefit all players, and Ryanair Holdings CEO Michael O’Leary last week already threatened to take nations to court for “selectively gifting billions of euros to their inefficient flag carriers.” This scenario appears increasingly likely following the latest announcements.
Meanwhile, while the Netherlands and France have tied the Air France-KLM bailout to some environmental caveats, and Austria has hinted at pursuing similar objectives in its ongoing negotiations with Austrian Airlines, a lot of those green demands will not be all that difficult for airlines to accept. France’s requirement for Air France to halve its domestic flight capacity over the coming years, for instance, means reducing a market that only accounted for 6% of its ASKs in 2019. Reductions like that, or demands for fleet modernisation, will also be easy to accommodate in a depressed market.
State support tally
The table below tallies financial support measures for airlines (converted to US dollars) confirmed by 24 nations or public entities and, separately, amounts reported to be allocated by eight states to airlines but not yet confirmed. Ishka estimates that governments are preparing, or executing, $92.54 billion in bailouts for airlines around the world (confirmed reports). Unconfirmed reports suggest a further $19.30 billion could soon be allocated by nine other states, for a total tally of $111.84 billion.
|Government / authority||Amount (USD millions) - Confirmed||Amount (USD millions) - Unconfirmed reports||Concept [See State Support table for more details]|
|Australia||710.45||Refunds and waivers of fuel excise, Airservices charges and regional security fares totalling, including an upfront benefit of A$159 million ($94.3 million) which would reimburse the charges paid by domestic airlines from the beginning of February. Also includes A$165 million ($103.85 million) paid to Qantas and Virgin Australia to maintain domestic flights for two months.|
|Austria||833||Austrian Airlines applied for €767 million ($833 million) on 28th April. Earlier media reports speculated that the bailout for the airline could be in the region of €500 million to €800 million ($543 million to 870 million).|
|Brazil||1900||Brazilian national development bank BNDES will reportedly help local airlines with up to R$ 10 billion ($1.9 billion) in credit, according to local newspaper Valor on 19th April. The report follows coverage by other media in recent weeks providing the same estimate. An official announcement was yet to take place.|
|Canada||200||Export Development Canada will provide Toronto-based Porter Airlines with C$135 million ($100 million) in commercial financing secured by a portion of its fleet of 29 aircraft. Chorus Aviation (which controls regional and charter operators Jazz Aviation) has also executed a letter of offer with EDC to provide an unsecured US$100 million revolving credit facility.|
|Denmark||170.8||Danish state guarantee for a €137 million ($170.8 million) revolving credit facility for Scandinavian airline SAS.|
|Estonia||32.5||The Estonian government decided on 24th April to increase the share capital of national carrier Nordica by €30 million ($32.5 million) to help it weather the Covid-19 crisis.|
|European Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs)||1190||The ANSPs, 41 member states of Eurocontrol, have agreed to delay payments worth 1.1 billion euros ($1.19 billion) due for air navigation services in February through May. Payment of February’s charges were delayed to November 2020, with payments for March, April and May delayed to 2021.|
|Finland||645||Finland will guarantee Finnair’s 600 million euro ($645 million) pension premium loan to aid the flag carrier.|
|France / Netherlands||10900||Air France-KLM is due to receive approximately €10 billion ($10.9 billion) government bailout, with €7 billion provided by France (€4 billion state-backed bank loan and €3 billion direct loan) as well as another €2 billion to €4 billion from the Dutch government, the respective governments announced on 24th April. Both countries have notified the European Commission and are in talks to get the necessary approval for the aid.|
|Germany||2597||10980||The TUI Group has been granted a €1.8 billion (approximately $2 billion) bridge loan from German development bank KfW. The German federal government and Hessian state government on 27th April pledged leisure carrier Condor a €294 million ($319 million) bridging loan as well as a further €256 million ($278 million) to refinance an existing government bridging loan granted last year after the demise of its former parent company, Thomas Cook. Separately, Lufthansa reported to be negotiating a €10 billion ($10.98 billion) bailout that would result in Germany taking a 25.1% stake in the airline, weekly paper Der Spiegel said on 1st May.|
|Hong Kong||627.5||Approximately $34.5 million in government cash injections for Cathay Pacific and Hong Kong Airlines based on registered aircraft as well as HK$4.6 billion ($593 million) in relief measures for airlines from the Hong Kong Airport Authority (AA), including unsold ticket purchases, waivers of taxes, parking fees and ATC charges.|
|Iceland||0.7||Iceland will pay carrier Icelandair up to 100 million krona ($717,000) to keep some flights to and from Iceland open for three weeks, according to Icelandic daily Morgunbladid.|
|Israel||350||El Al Israel Airlines said it is in advanced talks with an Israeli bank to receive a loan that will be partly backed by government guarantees. A report by Israeli business news site Globes says the $350 million loan sought by El Al would be 75-80% guaranteed by the state and would be repaid over six years.|
|Italy||764||The Italian government is reportedly due to allocate up to €700 million ($764 million) in a fund to nationalise flag carrier Alitalia.|
|Latvia||164.3||Latvia’s Cabinet of Ministers conceptually supports allocating EUR 150 million ($164.3 million) into the base capital of Latvia’s national airline airBaltic, according to minutes of a 24th March government meeting.|
|Malaysia||2200||Airlines in Malaysia could get up to RM10 billion ($2.2 billion) in loans guaranteed by sovereign wealth fund Khazanah Nasional Bhd.|
|New Zealand||524.3||The New Zealand government has offered a NZ $900 million ($524.3 million) loan to Air New Zealand.|
|Norway||552||The EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA) on 31st March approved Norway's implementation of a guarantee package of NOK 6 billion ($552 million) for air transportation to be primarily given to Norwegian, SAS and Wideroe.|
|Romania||140||Romania's government approved €130 million ($140 million) in loans to Blue Air and Tarom to help them overcome the Covid-19 crisis. The disbursement of the loans is pending approval by the European Commission, a memorandum approved by the government on 24th April showed.|
|Russia||6||308||Russian President Vladimir Putin has proposed allocating more than 23 billion rubles ($308 million) to carriers affected by the coronavirus crisis. Yakutia Airlines on 28th April said it had received a loan of more than 448 million rubles ($6 million) from a state Covid-19 financial assistance fund.|
|Samoa||0.35||The Samoan government injected $1 million tala ($359,000) in state-owned Samoa Airways to help it pay dues to local businesses.|
|Senegal||74.6||Senegal has allocated 45 billion CFA francs ($74.6 million) to Air Senegal as part of a financial assistance package for its transportation industry.|
|Singapore*||7747||The Singaporean government will provide S$350 million ($243 million) of support to airlines. Separately, flag carrier Singapore Airlines announced the issue of S$5.3 billion ($3.7 billion) in new equity and raise up to S$9.7 billion ($6.7 billion) on 26th March to bolster liquidity. SIA's largest shareholder (56%) Temasek, a sovereign wealth fund, committed to subscribing to its pro-rata entitlement and backstop the balance.|
|South Korea||2519||The state-owned Korea Development Bank (KDB) is due to inject 1.2 trillion won ($991 million) in Korean Air, according to a 27th April report. The KDB and the Export-Import Bank of Korea (KEXIM) on 21st April to provide a 1.7 trillion won ($1.37 billion) loan for Asiana Airlines. The KDB is also reportedly planning to lend up to KRW 300 billion ($242 million) to low-cost airlines, including the approximate $152 million amounts confirmed so far.|
|Spain||1108||State bank Instituto de Credito Oficial (ICO) granted guarantees for two syndicated facilities for IAG airlines Iberia (€750 million or approximately $823 million) and Vueling (€260 million or approximately $285 million), IAG announced on 30th April. The arrangement is within the legal framework set up by the Spanish government to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19.|
|Sweden||499||Swedish loan guarantee scheme covering SEK 5 billion ($499 million) for 20 airlines registered in Sweden. A €137 million ($170.8 million) state guarantee for a revolving credit facility for SAS was subsequently added by Sweden and approved by the European Commission on 24th April. This state-guaranteed facility, also backed by Denmark, is accounted for under 'Denmark' in this table.|
|Switzerland||1960||The Swiss government on 29th April announced an aid package worth almost CHF 1.9 billion ($1.96 billion) for airlines in the country, including CHF1.275 billion ($1.31 billion) for Lufthansa units SWISS and Edelweiss. CHF 600 million ($621 million) would go to other companies.|
|Taiwan||1600||Government announced help of T$50 billion ($1.6 billion) for airlines.|
|Thailand||1800||A Thai government committee headed by Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha has reportedly approved a 58.1 billion baht ($1.8 billion) emergency loan for Thai Airways guaranteed by the Ministry of Finance to maintain liquidity, according to a document seen by Reuters on 30th April. The bridge loan could get the approval of the cabinet as early as the first week of May, the report said.|
|United Kingdom||740||EasyJet has issued £600m ($740 million) of Commercial Paper through the Bank of England's Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF).|
|United States||58000||A $58 billion bailout for US airlines ($61 billion including grants for contractors) was signed into law by President Donald Trump on 27th March as part of the CARES Act.|
|Total||$92.54 billion||$19.30 billion||$111.84 billion|
|Ishka research *Approximation: Only 56% of SIA issuances accounted for (Temasek's share)|
For an expanded table of state support measures including a further 32 countries and EU-level entities: Click here to download the tables.
The table below lists the demands for state aid, hints at the possible need for state support or criticism of government assistance by 127 carriers (including airlines inside holding groups) and 23 trade associations and industry groups. Collectively, the airlines represented in this table operate the vast majority of the world’s passenger aircraft.
|Airline||Comments or demands||Context||Source||Date of latest announcement / report|
|Aeromar||Aeromar CEO Danilo Correa says the airline does not expect a government bailout but rather temporary help to overcome the worst of the crisis.||Aeromar is a privately-owned small regional carrier with around 10 ATR aircraft in its fleet. The airline expects losses of 500 million pesos ($20.6 million) in 2020.||Reportur||4/16/2020|
|Aeromexico||Aeromexico CFO Ricardo Sanchez Baker said during the airline's earnings call on 22nd April that the airline is in discussions with the Mexican government on extending payments for certain services, including fuel payments to state airport operator ASA. "Let me make it clear, we are not asking for any rescue (...) we need support, we need liquidity support because financial markets are distorted," Baker said, adding that Aeromexico "will not ask the government for any type of subsidy or something close." On 15th April, Baker reportedly told Bloomberg that any government support for the airline would be welcomed.||The Mexican government was, at least during March and early April, averse to providing state support to companies [see 'State Support table].||Seeking Alpha, Bloomberg||4/22/2020|
|Air Arabia||The airline has asked the UAE government for financial assistance, according to Bloomberg sources.||Air Arabia has bases in the UAE, Egypt and Morocco, a fleet of around 55 Airbus narrowbody, and a large Airbus orderbook.||Bloomberg||4/13/2020|
|Air Austral||The president of the regional council of Reunion, a French overseas territory, has reportedly asked French PM Edouard Philippe for state intervention to save local carrier Air Austral, La Première broadcasting network reported on 27th April.||Air Austral has an eight-aircraft fleet: 787-8, three 777-300ER, two 737-800 and one ATR72-500. The airline is 37.7% publicly owned by the Reunion Regional and General Council (SEMATRA).||La Première||4/27/2020|
|Air Belgium||Air Belgium will request support from the Belgian government for several million euros. "We cannot survive without it," CEO Niky Terzakis said as quoted by Belgian newspaper HLN on 20th March. Terzakis told the same newspaper on 10th April that he would like state aid for all Belgian airlines, not just Air Belgium. The CEO did not specify how much money Air Belgium would need. According to Aviation24.be, Terzakis reiterated his call for state air for airlines in Belgium on 22nd April speaking to the Belga news agency.||Air Belgium is a small scheduled and charter airline with a fleet of four A340-300 aircraft.||HLN, Aviation24.be||4/22/2020|
|Air Calédonie||The board of directors of Air Calédonie on 28th April said that instead of backing a request by industry association SCARA for a €1 billion ($1.09 billion) French government fund for regional airlines, it will instead seek a state guarantee for a bank loan of up to 1.2 billion CFP Francs ($10.89 million)||The airline is owned by New Caledonia government (52.45%), Islands Provinces (26.21%), North Province (14.55%), South Province (5.16%), private investors (1.10%) and Air France (0.53%).||La Première||4/28/2020|
|Air Canada||[See National Airlines Council of Canada (NACC) in this table for recent demands]. Air Canada was one of the first carriers to request federal government assistance in North America. CEO Calin Rovinescu said on 16th March in a statement: "We understand that the governments of the United States and many European countries such as Germany, France, Italy, Norway and others have approved or are considering assistance for their airline industries in one form or another. Under these circumstances, we believe that the Canadian airline industry should also see similar assistance, whether through forbearance of taxes, landing fees and other charges that form part of the aviation burden in Canada or otherwise until the industry stabilizes." The airline on 8th April said it will adopt the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy for the benefit of 36,000 Canada-based employees.||The Financial Post on 27th March reported that the Canadian federal government has met with representatives from Canada’s airline industry, including calls between Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the CEOs of Air Canada and WestJet Airlines.||Air Canada, Financial Post||4/8/2020|
|Air Carriers Association of the Philippines (ACAP)||ACAP Vice Chairman Roberto Lim told Bloomberg on 30th April that its member airlines have asked Congress to pass a law that would provide industrial financial support an wage subsidies. At the start of April, ACAP called on the government to urgently provide guarantees on debt, six-month emergency credit lines apart from long-term loans with low interest rates and a waiver of navigational and airport charges, which are currently being deferred. ACAP emphasised the assistance was not a “handout at the expense of the Filipino taxpayers” but access to working capital as airlines have ongoing expenses while main revenue streams have evaporated.||ACAP represents Philippines Airlines, Cebu Pacific and AirAsia Philippines. Philippine Finance Secretary Carlos Dominguez III told reporters in a text message on 31st March that the government would ask the central bank BSP to "support banks that support their clients, including their airlines." ACAP however said in its latest letter it was yet to receive a formal response from the government.||Bloomberg, Philippine Daily Inquirer, ANN||4/30/2020|
|Air Europa||According to an article by El Confidencial on 20th April, Globalia CEO Javier Hidalgo, the parent company of Air Europa, has asked the Spanish government to pressure the European Commission to speed up the IAG takeover of the airline. The article also claims Air Europa has requested a €130 million ($140 million) loan from state-owned bank ICO. Several reports on 29th April indicated that IAG could be considering renegotiating the €1 billion ($1.09 billion) purchase price for Air Europa agreed last November.||Bloomberg on 22nd April reported that IAG is renegotiating the terms of its €1 billion ($1.1 billion) purchase agreement of Air Europa. The deal was initially announced in November 2019.||El Confidencial, Bloomberg, Preferente||4/29/2020|
|Air France-KLM Group||In a press release on 24th April, Air France-KLM thanked the French state for committing €7 billion (€4 billion state-backed bank loan and €3 billion direct loan) to the carrier. KLM also thanked the Dutch government in a press release on 25th April for a pledge to provide another €2 billion to €4 billion ($2.17 billion to $4.34 billion). [See 'France' and 'Netherlands' in the State Support table for more details].||According to Les Echos report on 10th April, Air France-KLM is losing 25 million euros ($27 million) a day. KLM CEO Pieter Elbers in early April denied that KLM could be working on "disentanglement scenarios" separating from Air France, instead saying "we're working on financing." France and the Netherlands each respectively have a 14.3% and 14% stake on Air France-KLM. [See France and Netherlands in State Support table for more details]||Air France-KLM, Reuters, Les Echos, NU.nl, RTL||4/25/2020|
|Air Transport Association of Canada (ATAC)||In a third letter to the government on 6th April, ATAC called the government to refund the equivalent of four months execise tax on aviation fuel purchased in Ontario back to the purchaser. In a previous letter, on 29th March, ATAC asked the government "to act immediately to table a financial aid package for the commercial aviation industry." ATAC said Canada was lagging behind other governments around the world. ATAC asked for three key element in the aid package: 1) direct financial aid including wage subsidies, tax rebates, reimbursement of aviation fuel excise taxes 2) taxes and charges relief, including a suspension of the federal aviation fuel tax, ground rent charges at airports and navigation fees and 3) loans and loan guarantees of C$2 billion ($1.4 billion) for commercial air operators, including MRO and other service providers.||ATAC members include Chorus Aviation, Flair Airlines, Inuit Air, Sunwing and around 70 other small operators. Air Canada, WestJet and Air Transat are not part of ATAC.||ATAC||4/6/2020|
|AirAsia Group||AirAsia is negotiating for loans instead of an outright bailout from the Malaysian federal government, co-founder Tony Fernandes said on 2nd April. “No bailout, we don’t need a bailout; obviously many airlines are looking at loans," he said, adding that "if available in Malaysia or Thailand and such" the company would look for government loans [See 'Thai carriers' in this table for further details]. According to a report on The Star newspaper on 8th April, AirAsia is also asking various government and airport authorities for waivers of parking and station charges. The report says the government had offered a 15% parking discount but AirAsia wanted a total waiver.||Airlines in Malaysia could get up to RM10 billion ($2.2 billion) in loans guaranteed by sovereign wealth fund Khazanah Nasional Bhd, the New Straits Times reported on 1st April. [See State Support table].||Malay Mail, The Star||4/2/2020|
|Airline Operators of Nigeria (AON)||The association is reportedly seeking limited government support for its member airlines to weather the crisis, Business AM Live reported on 27th April.||AON is a body of 26 AOC holders and 10 associate members representing the interests of the Aviation Industry in Nigeria.||Business AM Live||4/27/2020|
|Airlines for America (A4A) - trade association||A4A issued a statement on 14th April thanking the US government for their efforts to provide payroll assistance funds after an agreement between the 10 largest airlines and the US Treasury was reached on 10th April. A4A has seen its demands met in the $58 billion provisions for air carriers under the CARES Act signed by US President Donald Trump on 27th March [see State Support table]. In a statement issued the same day, A4A "applauded" the signing of the Act.||A4A's demands to congress, now met, were last expressed in a letter to the US Congress on 21st March signed by the CEOs of Alaska Air, American Airlines, Atlas Air, Delta Air Lines, FedEx Express, Hawaiian Airlines, JetBlue Airways, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, UPS Airlines as well as the A4A CEO.||A4A||4/14/2020|
|Airlines for Europe (A4E) and European Regions Airline Association (ERA) - trade associations||Ahead of an EU Transport Ministers meeting on 29th April, A4E asked for "further financial and regulatory support" at an EU level. The association called on ministers to recognise and acknowledge industry limitations on potential Covid-19 health measures and called for proportional, harmonised and gradual introduction of any new regulations. A4E's core financial support demands were outlined March. They are: 1) Deferment or waiver of aviation taxes at EU or national level, including provisions applicable to aviation in the Energy Taxation Directive (Council Directive 95/60/EC). 2) EU261 clarity: Immediate clarity for airlines and passengers on COVID-19 counting as an extraordinary circumstance under Regulation 261/air passenger rights 3) Slot rule: Waiver of the 80/20 airport slots rule beyond the summer 4) "stimulus package" from EU funds for airlines via guarantees or credit facilities. The third of these demands was met on 26th March, when the European Parliament voted in favour of an extension to the waiver of slot rules until 24th October. The first of these demands has also been partially met through EUROCONTROL's decision to refer ATC charges for airlines operating in its 41 member countries. [see 'European Parliament' and 'European Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs)' in the State Support table]||A4E members account for more than 70% of Europe's air journeys. They include Aegean Airlines, airBaltic, Air France-KLM, Cargolux, easyJet, Finnair, Icelandair, IAG Group, Jet2, Lufthansa Group, Norwegian, Ryanair Holdings, Smartwings, TAP Air Portugal, TUI Group, and Volotea.||A4E - Open letter to EU Transport Ministers||4/27/2020|
|Airlines UK||In a letter on 8th April Airlines UK welcomed a decision by the Department of Transport to defer payment of Air Navigation charges for February to May 2020 for a period of 14 months. Previously, in a letter from Airlines UK to transport secretary Grant Shapps seen by Sky News the industry group urged the government to suspend - rather than defer - air passenger duty payments for six months and waive ATC and CAA charges. It also repeated a call (shared by A4E) for a moratorium of claims under the EU261 passenger rights regulation. In the letter Airlines UK said carriers should also be permitted to issue vouchers instead of refunds and, should refunds be required, carriers should be permitted to defer payment until the crisis period is over. Separately, on 28th March, Airlines UK sent a letter to UK Treasurer Rishi Sunak signed by 40 MPs asking the government to "urgently review its measures" to support the UK aviation industry, including "on a range of taxes and industry charges, regulatory easements and the adaptation of the Job Retention Scheme to take account of the unique aviation context."||Airlines UK members include British Airways, DHL, EasyJet, Jet2, Norwegian, Ryanair, TUI Airways, Virgin Atlantic and Titan Airways. KLM is an associate member.||Airlines UK, Sky News||4/8/2020|
|ALTA (Latin American and Caribbean Air Transport Association)||ALTA on 7th April reiterated in a new letter to regional governments the following demands: 1) Aid the continuity of the services provided by airlines, airports, air navigation service providers, and associate services that will jointly support the return of commercial air traffic by ensuring the economic and financial sustainability of the aviation industry. 2) The inclusion of the aviation sector in any national scheme or special aid package to provide relief for the current dire situation. 3) The facilitation of debt renegotiation and to allow for government budgets to be reinvested in the aviation sector. 4) The adjustment of working conditions for companies and employees to be jointly agreed upon as a contingency measure. 5) Flexibility with respect to slot rules and other non-safety related provisions which can permit the industry to return to operations more rapidly once the contingency is over. 6) Provide temporary relief in the requirement to develop infrastructure, particularly in order to comply with level of service obligations or projects that are not immediately required by the industry. 7) Relax quality of service obligations until operations return to normal.||ALTA represents "90 percent of the region's commercial air traffic." The latest letter seeks to reiterate ALTA's message to governments on 6th March, when they asked for states to work with the air travel industry to "guarantee its viability," including relaxing slot rules, reducing taxes and other levies. Speaking to Reuters on 17th March, ALTA chief Luis Felipe de Oliveira said he has been sending letters to regional governments and called for "drastic and immediate action."||ALTA, Reuters||4/7/2020|
|American Airlines||American Airlines has seen its financial assistance demands met through the $58 billion bailout air carriers in the CARES Act signed on 27th March by US President Donald Trump. The airline has applied for $5.81 billion in payroll grants and intends to apply for a further $4.75 billion in loans or loan guarantees under the CARES Act. "I’m confident that working with the Treasury Department and the team that we can get the government loan put in place," CEO Doug Parker said during the Q1 earnings call on 30th April.||American Airlines, like other major US carriers, expressed its demands through the A4A trade association (see above). The airline had confirmed in separate statements (reflected in previous versions of this table) that it was engaged in conversations with the government.||Earnings call, Video message to employees||4/30/2020|
|ANA - All Nippon Airways||ANA Holdings CEO Shinya Katanozaka said on 30th April that although the Japanese airline industry mentioned government guarantees in its request for state aid "there will be no government guarantees in our cashflow." ANA will instead source credit from the private sector. An earlier Nikkei Asian Review report on 7th April indicated that ANA was to request a government guarantee for part of the 1.3 trillion yen ($12 billion) in credit lines that ANA is asking from public- and private-sector lenders. ANA is also requesting 300 billion yen ($2.75 billion) in loans from a lending programme run by the government-backed Development Bank of Japan.||The report states that ANA, Japan's largest airline by revenues and passenger numbers, is losing 100 billion yen ($919 million) monthly amid fixed costs and severely reduced revenue. The company has reportedly cancelled nearly 90% of its international services.||Nikkei Asian Review||4/30/2020|
|Arab Air Carriers' Organization (AACO)||AACO is calling on Arab governments to adopt 1) tax relief for airlines for a period of two years 2) speedy financial support packages for airlines to retain workers 3) government-supported grace period from paying lenders and suppliers 4) exempt airlines from paying user charges at airports and air navigation service providers 5) exempt airlines from passenger rights regulations 6) suspend slot rules in Arab airports 7) compensate airlines for net costs of sanitisation and monitoring to contain the spread of the virus. AACO renewed these and other demands in a joint statement with the Arab Tourism Organization, the Arab Civil Aviation Organization and the Arab Air Carriers’ Organization o 31st March.||AACO represents 33 airlines in the Middle East and North Africa, including EgyptAir, Air Arabia, Emirates, Etihad, Flydubai, Flynas, Gulf Air, Kuwait Airways, MEA, Oman Air, Qatar Airways, Royal Air Maroc, Royal Jordanian and Saudia||AACO||3/31/2020|
|Arkia||Arkia's board of directors was reportedly due to meet on the 3rd week of April to vote on the dissolution of the airline if it fails to receive state aid, news site Ynet reported on 8th April. Arkia chairman Avi Hurmero said if the Covid-19 crisis continues "there will be no escape" for Israeli airlines and would expect a merger among or between all three major Israeli airlines.||Arkia has a fleet of nine aircraft and is Israel's second-largest carrier.||Ynet||4/8/2020|
|Asiana||The Korea Development Bank (KDB) and the Export-Import Bank of Korea (KEXIM) decided on 21st April to provide a 1.7 trillion won ($1.37 billion) loan for Asiana Airlines. According to the state-backed creditors, the new loan is designed to enable the airline to maintain its financial soundness until the acquisition by HDC Hyundai Development Company is completed. HDC, however, has postponed its acquisition of Asiana indefinitely, HDC announced on 30th April. Asiana previously rejected reports stating it had requested KEXIM and the KDB to provide financial support.||Loss-making and heavily indebted Asiana reportedly faces losses of 1 trillion won ($817.4 million) based on Q1 performance projections.||The Korea Herald, CAPA, JoongAng Daily, Business Korea, Pulse News||4/30/2020|
|Association of Asia Pacific Airlines (AAPA)||AAPA says Asia-Pacific airlines are facing revenue shortfalls of more than $60bn this year. It has called on governments to "rapidly" implement emergency relief measures such as: 1) suspension of payroll taxes, deferment or reduction in income taxes, extension of payment terms, waiver of ticket taxes & other government levies, taxes, dues and charges for 2020 2) Direct financial support for reduced revenues and liquidity support due to travel restrictions 3) Extension of interest-free loans or loan guarantees, and support for corporate bond markets either directly or to commercial banks to extend credit for affected companies 4) Direct financial support for individuals facing loss of livelihoods||AAPA's 15 airline members are: Air Astana, ANA, Asiana Airlines, Bangkok Airways, Cathay Pacific, China Airlines, Eva Air, Garuda Indonesia, Japan Airlines, Korean Air, Malaysia Airlines, Philippine Airlines, Royal Brunei, Singapore Airlines and Thai Airways||AAPA||3/19/2020|
|Austrian Airlines||Austrian Airlines applied for €767 million ($833 million) in state aid on 28th April. Austrian Airlines CEO Alexis von Hoensbroech on 12th April told Austrian daily Die Presse that the airline needs state aid in the form of state guarantees or non-repayable aid, not a minority stake. [See 'Austria' in the State Support table for more details].||Lufthansa Group, the parent company of Austrian Airlines, previously confirmed that it is "in intensive negotiations with policymakers" in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy and Belgium on how to mitigate the consequences of the crisis, including "potential legislative measures to support liquidity."||Euroactiv, Die Presse, Airliners.de||4/28/2020|
|Avianca Holdings||Avianca has engaged in discussions with the different governments where it conducts operations, including, among others, the Colombian government, the airline said in an SEC filing on 28th April. The airline has proposed "different support structures" to ensure it is able to "maintain connectivity and employment throughout the region." The airline had not received formal responses nor has it reached agreement on terms for eventual support with any of the governments. According to a separate report, Avianca CEO Anko van der Werff on 27th April asked the Colombian government for liquidity support in the form of a loan. "We are not asking for state subsidies, we are asking for financing and at a reasonable cost, without that I don't know how we can move forward," the CEO said. “We are not against the Government having stakes in the airline,” CFO Adrian Neuhauser said separately. Separately, on 29th April, van der Werff told a local radio station that the airline is not asking the Colombian government for exorbitant amounts of $5 billion to $10 billion, but neither it is asking for as little as $50 million.||Avianca is publicly listed. The airline underwent a restructuring process last year and CEO van der Werff claimed that the company had started 2020 with a positive performance through January and February.||Company Filings, Reportur||4/28/2020|
|Azul||Azul CEO John Rodgerson told Reuters on 15th April that the carrier was still "somewhat far away" from reaching a deal for a loan with state-owned bank BNDES [See State Support table]. Earlier, in an interview published on 1st April by NeoFeed, Rodgerson aid the measures being worked out by the BNDES are "good" and added that "the price of debt will impact the future of the industry, if you put financial conditions at a high cost, it will hinder the growth of the industry."||Azul has grounded 90% of its fleet, according to a separate interview with Rodgerson published on 1st April. Brazil is reportedly working out a financial assistance package for airlines worth approximately $2 billion [see State Support table].||Reuters, O Globo, NeoFeed||4/15/2020|
|Blue Air||Romania's government approved €130 million ($140 million) in loans to Blue Air and state-owned airline Tarom and they are pending approval by the European Commission, SeeNews reported on 27th April [See 'Romania' in State Support table]. It is not clear how the funding would be split between the two airlines. Earlier, Blue Air has asked the Romanian government for a rescue loan of €42 million -€45 million ($45.6-$48.9 million) at a preferential interest rate.||Blue Air is the largest Romanian air carrier and the second-biggest player in its market after Wizz Air.||Romania Insider, SeeNews||4/27/2020|
|Boliviana de Aviacion (BoA)||BoA CEO Carlos Eduardo Scott Moreno said on 27th April that the carrier is holding talks with several ministers to decide on extraordinary support measures, including a possible new state credit line from the Fondo para el Desarrollo Productivo (Finpro). Moreno reported economic losses of $30 million in the previous 30 days due to the Covid-19 pandemic.||BoA is wholly-owned by the Bolivian government with a fleet of around 19 aircraft, mostly Boeing 737 and 767 aircraft.||Los Tiempos||4/27/2020|
|Brussels Airlines||Brussels Airlines has requested aid from the Belgian State for 290 million euros ($315 million) according to a report on The Brussels Times on 4th April. The amount is higher than the €200 million it was reportedly due to request as of late March reports [see 'Belgium' in the State Support table for reports on the possible nationalisation of Brussels Airlines]. On 16th April, Brussels Airlines announced the entry of Jan Smet (former governor of Belgium's central bank) to its board as well as the continuation of Etienne Davignon in his new capacity and Minister of State for the Belgian government. The airline said their expertise will help the airline through the current "turbulent times." On 24th April the airline reportedly called for an urgent bailout as its liquidity situation would become unsustainable by 15th May.||Brussels Airlines is part of the Lufthansa Group, which is actively encouraging governments to support airlines. The CEO of parent company Lufthansa Group (see below) previously confirmed it is in discussions with the Belgian government about obtaining state support. The latest report also states that companies also requesting aid from the Belgian state include Air Belgium, TUI Group (both listed in this table), Sabena Aerospace, Aviapartner and Swissport,||L'Echo, The Brussels Times, Tijd, Lufthansa||4/24/2020|
|Camair||Camair CEO Louis Georges Njipendi Kuotu has contacted the Cameroonian Finance Ministry to request financial support to cover Covid-19 related expenses, Investir Au Cameroun business news site reported on 23rd April.||Camair, a state-owned airline, is Cameroon's flag carrier and has a fleet of around six aircraft.||Investir Au Cameroon||4/23/2020|
|Cathay Pacific||Prior to the announcement on 8th April of an Airport Authority (AA) relief package worth HK$2 billion ($258 million), including an offer to purchase around 500,000 tickets in advance from the four Hong Kong-based carriers, Cathay Pacific had said in an emailed response to the media that a prior HK$1 billion ($129 million) relief package by the AA was not enough.||The Airport Authority (AA) on 23rd March launched a HK$1 billion ($129 million) relief package for the "airport community" in the form of a HK$670 million ATC charges waiver for 2019/2020 and a sum of HK$330 million, both from the government. (see State Support table for more information)||Nikkei Asian Review, SCMP||3/25/2020|
|Copa Airlines||Copa Airlines on 16th April refuted reports it had requested $700 million from the Panamanian government and said it has taken its own measures to overcome the Covid-19 crisis.||Copa's response followed media reports claiming the airline had requested a government bailout. Copa Airlines said on 27th April that it may not have enough liquidity to survive the Covid-19 crisis.||Eco TV Panama||4/16/2020|
|Corsair International||Corsair CEO Pascal de Izaguirre in a letter posted on 27th April called on the French government to support all French carriers, not just Air France. Izaguirre said the Covid-19 crisis had "wiped out" its development strategy and the very sustainability of the airline. The CEO said that while government support for Air France "is a good thing," he wondered whether other airlines will follow the fate of Aigle Azur or XL Airways (both French airlines which ceased operations in 2019). Days earlier, on 14th March, Izaguirre had told BFM Business during a live interview that the company is currently not eligible for state-guaranteed loans due to "restrictive" equity requirements.||Corsair is a scheduled and charter long-haul leisure airline. Its main shareholders are German investor Intro Aviation (53%) and the TUI Group (27%).||Company letter, Air Journal, BFM Business||4/27/2020|
|Delta Airlines||Delta Airlines has applied for payroll grants worth $5.4 billion as part of the $58 billion bailout for air carriers in the CARES Act. "We’re thankful to members of Congress and the Administration for recognizing the importance of our people and our industry," CEO Ed Bastian said on a letter to employees on 14th April.||Delta Airlines, like other major US carriers, expressed its demands in March through the A4A trade association (see above). These demands were met by the CARES Act.||Message to employees||4/14/2020|
|EasyFly||EasyFly founder Alonso Avila said in an interview that crisis measures taken by the Colombian government so far have helped companies improve their liquidity "but not minimise losses." Avila asked the Colombian government for bank loan guarantees as well as "intelligently regulating" for the resumption of operations, particularly if social distancing measures resulting in passenger limitations per aircraft are introduced.||EasyFly is a Colombian LCC with 22 ATR 42 and 72 aircraft in its fleet||Caracol TV||4/21/2020|
|EasyJet Switzerland||EasyJet Switzerland was reportedly not included in Swiss government aid package for airlines worth almost CHF 1.9 billion ($1.96 billion) announced at the end of April, Swissinfo.ch reported on 29th April.||A spokesperson for EasyJet Switzerland, an EasyJet subsidiary, had in late March told Swiss business news agency Awp Finanznachrichten that the airline was in contact with a government taskforce in charge of aviation-specific support measures. The Handelszeitung newspaper also previously reported the airline had asked the Swiss federal government for a liquidity injection.||Swissinfo.ch, Awp Finanznachrichten, Handelszeitung||4/29/2020|
|El Al Israel Airlines||El Al said on 21st April that it is in advanced talks with a local bank to receive a loan backed by government guarantees [see State Support table]. Just a few days earlier, on 16th April, the airline reiterated that it risks shutting down if the government does grant it a $350 million loan. On 7th April, the Israeli Treasury rejected the airline's request for a state loan of $350 million. In late March, El Al chairman Eli Defes said the carrier was "six week away from collapse." Earlier, in a letter to employees, El Al CEO Gonen Usishkin said that assistance of $200 million to $300 million from the state is critical for the company. Usishkin said the airline's revenue has almost completely dried up due to Israel's border closure. "The government has two alternatives. One is the airline's collapse and the loss of its NIS 2.5 billion ($694 million) contribution to GDP (...) the second alternative is a $200 million-300 million state loan that will enable El Al to recover and quickly resume regular activity." Previous reports said El Al estimated it would need some $700 million to stay afloat.||El Al has not been state-owned since 2005. The beleaguered carrier in early March said it expected revenue to decline by $140 million-160 million for the period from January to April 2020 as a result of the suspension of multiple lines and declining demand.||Reuters, The Times of Israel, The Yeshiva World, Globes||4/21/2020|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Ethiopian Airlines Group will seek help from the state if the coronavirus crisis impact on global travel persists for more than three months, CEO Tewolde GebreMariam told reporters on 15th April. On 18th April, the carrier refuted reports claiming the airline had received preferential treatment ahead of other airlines from the Kenyan government with a deal to keep operating cargo flights.||Ethiopian Airlines, one of the largest African carriers, lost $550 million in the four months through April and is operating at 10% of capacity.||Bloomberg, The Star||4/18/2020|
|European Aviation Industry Joint Statement||The joint statement, titled 'Europe’s aviation industry is facing an unprecedented liquidity crisis -- the European Union must act now!' welcomes "initial actions" by the European Commission in areas such as state aid, but urges EU member states to: 1) provide financial support "as quickly as possible to the whole travel ecosystem." 2) take "all the necessary measures" to ensure short-term financial viability of travel enterprises 3) set up "an organised consultation procedure" to exchange updated information and address urgent issues, and draw up lines for mid and long-term solutions.||The joint press statement was issued by Airlines for Europe (A4E), Airline Catering Association (ACA), Airports Council International (ACI EUROPE), Airport Services Association (ASA), The European Travel Agents’ and Tour Operators’ Associations (ECTAA), European Regions Airline Association (ERA), European Travel Retail Confederation (ETRC) and EU Travel Tech (EUTT).||A4E||4/3/2020|
|European Regions Airline Association (ERA)||ERA on 27th April declared a "cry for help" to avoid "catastrophic repercussions for Europe's regional airlines. "ERA has written to all European institutions and member states urging for liquidity support to maintain European connectivity and competition levels benefited from the EU’s Internal Market for Aviation, by supporting small and medium-sized airlines," the association said in a press release. It also called for a 12-month relief from the EU261 passenger rights regulation. Previously on 7th April ERA welcomed a decision by Eurocontrol member states to defer ATC fees [see 'State Support']. On 25th March, the association said it was "pleased" that the need for a substantial package for the aviation sector was not overlooked in an EU Transport Ministers meeting on 19th March, but underlined that the ministers "provided no clear and timely decisions" to alleviate the pressures on the aviation industry. It also joined A4E in expressing disappointment that the European Commission did not agree on limiting compensation obligations for airlines under the EU261 regulation.||ERA represents 52 airlines and 148 companies involved in European air transport. The airlines represented include Air Nostrum, ASL Airlines, Air Malta, Binter, Braathens regional Airlines, Eastern Airways, HOP!, KLM Cityhopper, SATA Air Acores and TAP Express.||ERA||4/27/2020|
|Federation of Norwegian Aviation Industries (NHO Luftfart)||NHO Luftfart has seen most of its recent demands met. The industry federation had asked the Norwegian government on behalf of airlines for NOK 6 billion to 8 billion ($513 million to $684 million) in state guarantees to help struggling carriers. Most of this would go to Norwegian Air Shuttle. The Norwegian government finally agreed to provide NOK 6 billion [see State Support table].||NHO Luftfart has over 50 member companies employing over 12.000 people in Norway, including airline businesses, helicopter services, airports, technical services, ground handling and other aviation related businesses.||NRK||3/19/2020|
|France's Independent Airline Union (SCARA)||SCARA on a press release on 27th April called for the establishment of a €1 billion ($1.09 billion) emergency fund to help French airlines outside the Air France Group. The press note followed an announcement that the French state would be ready to provide Air France with €7 billion ($7.65 billion) in state-backed loans and direct loans [see State Support table]. "SCARA therefore poses a simple question to the State: why is Air France the only French company to benefit from such support?" the association asked in the press release, noting that the annual turnover of all other French airlines is only 15% of that amount.||SCARA represents Aerosotravia, Air Tahiti, Air Calédonie, Air Tahiti Nui, ASL Airlines France, Air Corsica, Air Austral and Air St Pierre, Ewa Air, Alyzia and Groupe IGS. Air Calédonie, however, said on 28th April that it did not back SCARA's request [see Air Calédonie in this table].||SCARA||4/27/2020|
|Garuda Indonesia||Garuda Indonesia is applying for loans to state-owned banks and banks from the Middle East to repay short-term debt obligations maturing this year, including bonds worth $489.99 million, Bisnis reported on 26th April. Garuda CEO Irfan Setiaputa confirmed this was one of the liquidity options being considered. Previous reports indicated that state-owned banks PT Bank Rakyat Indonesia and PT Bank Mandiri had held talks with the state-owned airline.||Garuda is 60.51% owned by the government of Indonesia, with the remainder of its shares publicly traded.||Bisnis||4/26/2020|
|GOL Linhas Aereas||In an investor update, the airline said it "will continue to focus on delivering cost savings, protecting jobs, working with the Brazilian Government, and preparing for the return to normal service in due course" and added it further supported "governmental actions to offset, at least partially, the impact of Covid-19 on the passenger transportation industry." In the investor call, CEO Paulo Kakinoff valued a potential credit from Brazil’s state development bank BNDES at 3 billion reais ($574.64 million) to be repaid over five years with payment starting only on the third year.||GOL has grounded the majority of its fleet.||Reuters, GOL investor update||4/7/2020|
|Greek airlines: Air Mediterranean, Blue Bird, Ellinair, GainJet, Lumiwings and Orange2Fly (joint letter)||The six airlines send a letter to the Greek government calling for financial help as their liquidity is being depleted. The airlines said they could collapse without state aid.||The carriers are charter and scheduled airline operators with small aircraft fleets of two to 10 aircraft.||naftemporiki.gr||3/29/2020|
|Helvetic Airways||Helvetic Airways CEO Tobias Pogorevc said the airline does not have and "will not" apply for state aid. Pogorevc said it has negotiated with creditors to reduce expenditures and the owners of the airlines have guaranteed its liquidity.||Helvetic Airways is a regional carrier mostly operating scheduled flights on behalf of SWISS. It has 13 Embraer E190 aircraft in its fleet, including three E2s.||Airliners.de||4/17/2020|
|IAG||IAG CEO Willie Walsh laid out a group position against state bailouts in a 16th March investor call: “Governments would expect airlines to look at self help before they would call on governments to provide state aid.” He said that IAG would, however, make use of any general state-support for employees where it becomes available. According to a Reuters report, British Airways reiterated this position on 29th April by saying there "was no bailout standing by" for the airline. Iberia and Vueling, however, received a state-backed loan on 30th April [see 'Spain' in State Support table].||IAG (British Airways, Iberia, Vueling, Aer Lingus, LEVEL, Air Europa) has been vocal against state support for airlines in the recent past, including the UK government bailout rescue of Flybe in 2019.||Reuters||4/30/2020|
|Icelandair||Icelandair CEO Bogi Nils Bogason told RÚV on 30th April that while he wasn’t especially thrilled about the government getting too involved with the affairs of the airline, he does not rule out the possibility that the state may need to provide some government assistance. However, Bogason said the airline is hoping to find market solutions. In a company update on 6th April, the Icelandair Group said it would work closely with the Icelandic government in the upcoming process of "strengthening the long-term capital structure of the Company."||Icelandair's liquidity position on 6th April was still "well above" its $200 million minimum level, but assuming minimum revenue generation in April and May, the company expected to dip below that minimum level in the coming months.||RUV, Reykjavik Grapevine, Icelandair Group||4/30/2020|
|India - Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry||FICCI has sought a bailout package for the domestic aviation industry, including direct cash support from the government, interest-free soft loans and a two-year holiday, the Press Trust of India reporting on 18th April. The industry lobby also pitched for deferment of term loans by up to six months. Earlier on 2nd April, FICCI Aviation Committee Chairman Anand Stanley said in a letter on to Civil Aviation Minister Hardeep Singh Puri that the sector needs an urgent bailout. "The government may immediately provide direct cash support to Indian carriers, so that airlines can meet their fixed costs, at least for the period where loss of revenues and liquidity is directly attributable to the government’s directive to cease operation,” Stanley said. “The government could undertake some policy measures for at least 20% contribution towards the total salary bill of employees with a gross salary of INR 30,000 or less per month,” he added in the letter.||India has suspended flights until 3rd May amid a nationwide lockdown.||Press Trust of India, TravelBixMonitor.com||4/18/2020|
|Indonesia National Air Carrier Association (INACA)||INACA in a press statement on 15th April welcomed the Indonesian Transportation Ministry's decision to lift the price ceiling for air tickets to financially support airlines as they introduce government-mandated passenger limitations. Earlier on 27th March, INACA chairman Denon Prawiratmadja said that Indonesia's airline industry needed help in the form of fiscal incentives, such as corporate income tax payment postponement and spare part import duty suspension, as well as stimulus from the government through discounts on several fees to keep the industry alive during the pandemic and recovery period. Prawiratmadja also said he hoped the state-owned enterprises ministry could provide assistance in the form of a reduction of airport and navigation fees.||Indonesian airlines have found themselves in a more precarious position after the government in April introduced a ban on mudik (homecoming ahead of Eid al-Fitr, expected around 23rd May). Airlines typically experience a surge in demand during mudik. INACA members include Garuda Indonesia, TransNusa, Triagana Air Service, XpressAir, Citilink, Sriwijaya Air, NAM Air, AirAsia, Batik Air, Wings Air and Lion Air.||Republika, INACA, The Jakarta Post||4/26/2020|
|Japan Airlines||Japanese broadcaster NHK said on 25th April that one of the funding sources being considered by Japan Airlines is a special emergency fund from the state-owned Development Bank of Japan (DBJ).||[See 'The Scheduled Airlines Association of Japan' in this table]||NHK, Reuters||4/25/2020|
|Jazeera Airways||Jazeera Airways has not sought state aid, its chairman Marwan Boodai told Reuters on 30th April.||Jazeera Airways is a privately owned airline with around 13 A320 aircraft in its fleet.||Reuters||4/30/2020|
|Kenya Airways||The airline said on Twitter that it is "engaging with the Government for their continued support during this time & we are having very useful discussions around the same."||The carrier is partly state-owned, with the Government of Kenya its largest shareholder at 48.9%.||Kenya Airways via Twitter||4/16/2020|
|Korea Civil Aviation Association (KCA)||The KCA has demanded the South Korean government offer a bailout package to airlines amid the unparalleled crisis. KCA warned that the pandemic put the Korean carriers on the brink.||According to the report, Korean carriers are expected to have $5.22 billion in losses due to the coronavirus outbreak in the first quarter of the year.||Airline Geeks||4/7/2020|
|LATAM||LATAM on 17th April refuted reports stating it had agreed on new credit facilities with state-owned bank BancoEstado, saying the existing agreements with the bank predate the crisis. [See 'Chile' in the State Support table for more details] Incoming LATAM CEO Roberto Alvo renewed calls for government assistance during a TV interview on 29th March. Alvo said the measures could encompass anything from a nationalisation of the airline to loans and loan guarantees similar to those already provided by other countries to their airlines. In a prior TV interview Alvo said that LATAM has asked the countries in which it operates help to overcome the Covid-19 crisis, as all airlines around the world are in need of liquidity. Alvo pointed at Virgin Atlantic and Norwegian as examples of airlines making similar requests. The director of LATAM Colombia, Santiago Alvarez, told La Republica on 30th April that the airline is in contact with the Colombian government about obtaining direct loans repayable in five to 10 years with a repayment grace period of six to 12 months. Alvarez previously told El Tiempo article on 24th March to delay tax collection, waive aircraft parking fees and offer government loans to airlines.||Alvo's previous comments were dismissed by Chile's economy minister but more recent reports say LATAM is holding talks with the Chilean government about possible state aid [see 'Chile' under State Support table].||La Republica, Reportur, La Tercera, CNN Chile, El Tiempo||3/30/2020|
|Lauda||Lauda on 9th April urged the Austrian government not to grant rival Austrian Airlines state aid. “We do not believe that Lufthansa should receive state aid from Austrian taxpayers in exactly the same way we do not believe that Ryanair should receive state aid from Austrian taxpayers,” Andreas Gruber, the managing director of Ryanair’s Austrian unit Lauda, said. If Austrian receives aid, then Lauda would expect similar support.||Lauda is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ryanair. According to press reports, Austrian Airlines could have requested between €500 million and €800 million ($545 million to $872 million). On 12th April, the CEO of Austrian Airlines said these amounts were wrong but confirmed the airline is asking for state support.||Reuters||4/9/2020|
|Lufthansa Group||Lufthansa is reported to be negotiating a €10 billion ($10.98 billion) bailout that would result in Germany taking a 25.1% stake in the airline, weekly paper Der Spiegel said on 1st May. The carrier was reportedly considering some form of protection from creditors while talks with the government were ongoing. Other reports on 29th April claimed Lufthansa would also be considering a court protection as a last resort to shield the airline from creditors for three months while restructuring finances and management. The Lufthansa Group is "in intensive negotiations with policymakers" in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy and Belgium on how to mitigate the consequences of the crisis, including "potential legislative measures to support liquidity," which could include "for example, the deferral of taxes or other fees; the potential use of loans and guarantees, if necessary, which government has made available to those companies most affected by the corona crisis," CEO Carsten Spohr said during the Q4 2019 earnings call on 19th March. [See individual countries in State Support table].||Lufthansa's request for state aid contrasts with its criticism of state airline rescues as early as January this year, when Lufthansa criticised state-owned Polish airline LOT's takeover bid for Germany's Condor.||Reuters, The Telegraph, Bloomberg, N-TV, Seeking Alpha, Lufthansa||4/28/2020|
|Malaysia Airlines||Malaysia Airlines is working closely with sole shareholder, sovereign fund Khazanah Nasional, for financial support needed due to the coronavirus crisis, it said on 30th April. The airline has also asked for support from the government, sources previously told Bloomberg. The airline confirmed in an emailed statement late on 25th March that it has been in talks with the government on emergency measures to help airlines sustain through the crisis. The carrier said it had not discussed mergers with other airlines. [See 'Malaysia' in State Support table for more details]||The airline is wholly owned by Malaysia's sovereign wealth fund, Khazanah Nasional Bhd.||The Star, Bloomberg||4/30/2020|
|Malta Business Bureau||The Malta Business Bureau called on the Maltese government to make full use of a relaxation of state aid rules by the EU, making special mention to airlines including Air Malta.||In addition to Air Malta, Malta is also home to several charter airlines and Ryanair subsidiary Malta Air.||Malta Today||3/17/2020|
|Middle East Airlines (MEA)||MEA, owned by the Bank of Lebanon, has not receive governments support but says the government owes it $120 million without specifying the basis of the debt.||MEA President Mohammed Hout said the airline is losing $1 million everyday since flights were interrupted on 18th March due to government restrictions.||Libanews||3/26/2020|
|National Airlines Council of Canada (NACC)||The National Airlines Council of Canada (NACC) in a letter on 28th April urges the Canadian Federal Government to address "airline sector challenges" in wake of COVID-19 crisis. The council said Canada risks falling behind other major industrialized countries in supporting their airline industries. It welcomed "indications" from the government that help is forthcoming but said "time is of the essence."||The National Airlines Council of Canada represents Canada’s largest national and international passenger air carriers: Air Canada, Air Transat, Jazz Aviation LP and WestJet.||NACC||4/28/2020|
|Nile Air||Nile Air urged the Egyptian government on 26th April to buy stakes in private airlines to help them survive the Covid-19 crisis. Private airlines don’t know how long they can bear fixed costs like salaries, aircraft rent, maintenance costs and aircraft parking fees, Yousry Abdel Wahab, Nile Air’s managing director, told Reuters.||Nile Air has seven leased A320 and A321 aircraft. Egypt has about 14 private airlines operating at least 45 aircraft.||Reuters||4/26/2020|
|Nordica||State-owned Estonian airline Nordica saw its demands for state support met on 24th April. The Estonian government is to increase the share capital by €30 million ($32.5 million) to help it weather the Covid-19 crisis. [See Estonia in State Support table for more details]||Nordica, 51% state-owned with a minority 49% stake held by LOT Polish Airlines, has a fleet of around 22 ATR72-600 and Bombardier CRJ aircraft.||ERR||4/24/2020|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Norwegian issued a statement on 20th April saying it had asked the governments of Denmark and Sweden for help but did not receive "significant financial support" from those countries. Norwegian Air’s subsidiaries for employing pilots and cabin crew in Denmark and Sweden filed for bankruptcy on 20th April. "In Norway, there are efficient furlough opportunities which means that the government pays for all salary related costs throughout the duration of the furlough period. Unfortunately, there is not the equivalent coverage in Sweden or Denmark schemes." the airline said.||Norwegian has received NOK 300 million ($27.5 million) out of a NOK 3 billion ($276 million) guarantee package from the government of Norway. The package, part of a larger NOK 6 billion allocated to airlines in Norway, received EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA) approval on 31st March. [See State Support table].||Norwegian||4/20/2020|
|oneworld, SkyTeam and Star Alliance||The three airline alliances issued a joint statement calling on governments and stakeholders to take action to "alleviate the unprecedented challenges faced by the global airline industry amid the COVID-19 pandemic".||The three global alliances represent 60 of the world's largest airlines and represent approximately 55% of the world's capacity in ASKs.||SkyTeam||3/16/2020|
|Pakistan International Airlines (PIA)||A spokesman for PIA told Bloomberg losses and debt of PIA have become too great for the company to handle alone and that options suggested to the government include a debt-to-equity swap and issuance of long-term bond.||Using the Z-score method developed by Edward Altman in the 1960s to predict bankruptcies, Bloomberg listed airlines at highest risk of bankruptcy. PIA topped the list.||Bloomberg||3/26/2020|
|Qantas||Qantas had told the government that it expected a $4.2 billion loan if Virgin Australia (which filed for voluntary administration on 21st April) was bailed out, according to the Sydney Morning Herald. Qantas CEO Alan Joyce had been critical of suggestions that its embattled rival could receive federal government support, arguing that it should not be propping up one company over others over this crisis. Joyce said assistance should not be offered to businesses that had been "badly managed" and that it would be a case of "survival of the fittest" in the airline sector. Virgin Australia had accused Qantas of spreading rumours that it would collapse.||Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Treasurer Josh Frydenberg have both said nationalising companies was not currently on the Australian government's agenda. The chairman of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), Rod Sims, said in response to Joyce's statements that Australia had gone "into this crisis with two airlines, we need to come out of this crisis with two airlines."||Sydney Morning Herald, ABC, Daily Mail Australia||4/1/2020|
|Qatar Airways||Qatar Airways will seek government support, CEO Akbar al-Baker told Reuters on 29th March. Al-Baker warned that the airline was burning through cash and only had enough to sustain operations for a “very short period”.||Qatar Airways is wholly-owned by the government of Qatar.||Reuters||3/29/2020|
|Regional Airline Association (RAA)||Reacting to the US Treasury initial term sheet for payroll assistance grants under the CARES Act, the RAA said in a April 14th statement that two of its member airlines “who are erroneously being considered major airlines because of the size of their payroll,” were still in talks with the Treasury. These are understood to be Republic Airways and ExpressJet Airlines [see Insight: 'CARES Act: US to hold 0.5% to 3% in airline stock warrants']. For the most part, the RAA has seen its demands met in the $58 billion provisions for air carriers under the CARES Act signed by US President Donald Trump on 27th March [see State Support table].||The RAA's demands to congress, now met, were last expressed in a letter to the US Congress on 20th March signed by the CEOs of ExpressJet, Envoy Air, Air Wisconsin, Piedmont Airlines, Empire, Trans State Holdings (GoJet, Compass and Trans State), PSA Airlines, Cape Air, Endeavor Air, SkyWest Airlines, Horizon Air, RAVN Alaska, Mesa Airlines, Republic Airlines. Compass and Trans State (operating as United Express) have permanently ceased operations in recent weeks.||RAA||4/14/2020|
|Regional Airline Association of Australia (RAAA)||The association has praised the Australian federal government over its A$198 million ($118 million) package for regional airlines. The support package is for route subsidies designed to provide a reduced service for those regional communities that are in danger of losing their current scheduled air service, plus an additional A$100 million ($61 million) in direct financial support for smaller airlines [see 'Australia' under State Support table].||The RAAA on 25th March had said that the initial A$715 million ($425 million) financial assistance package for airlines was nor enough to support regional carriers.||Australian Flying, RAAA||3/30/2020|
|Russian Association of Air Transport Operators (RATOA)||RATOA on 13th April asked the Russian government to amend aviation law to allow carriers to provide vouchers instead of refunds for cancelled flights due to the Covid-19 crisis. On 20th March, RATOA pleaded with Russia's transport ministry to take urgent measures to protect Russia's air transport industry from collapse. RATOA's proposed range of measures include waiving value added tax (VAT) payments, boosting state subsidies for regional air travel and the freezing of airport handling fees.||Flagship carrier Aeroflot has said it is under "enormous financial pressure" while UTair is in a "particularly difficult situation", according to Alexander Neradko, the head of the federal air transport agency Rosaviation.||CAPA, Interfax, Russian Aviation Insider||4/13/2020|
|Russian regional airlines||The senator representing the Russian far eastern Magadan province has appealed to the government to add 12 smaller regional airlines to the list of Russia’s ‘strategic enterprises’ that may expect to receive state support in times of economic downturn [see State Support table for more details on the strategic enterprises list].||The regional airlines comprise Aurora Airlines, IrAero, Aeroservis, Siberian Light Aviation, Yamal, Yakutia, Polar Airlines, Khabarovsk Airlines, Kamchatka Aviation Enterprise, Chukotavia, National Air Medical Service and Russian Helicopter Systems.||Russian Aviation Insider||3/31/2020|
|Ryanair Holdings||Ryanair Holdings CEO Michael O'Leary has told EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager that it may go to court to stop France and other countries from “selectively gifting billions of euros to their inefficient flag carriers.” O'Leary, in an April dated 9th April shared by Bloomberg on 24th April, says the EU would be “forced into an embarrassing U-turn” on state aid if Ryanair won a legal challenge. The national programs should be modified so that Ryanair could get a share of the bailout packages by making sure loan guarantees and other perks are available to “all EU airlines in proportion to their share of traffic in a particular country,” O’Leary said. Separately, Ryanair is asking French airports where it operates to remove or reduce taxes from now until October 2021 if they want Ryanair to maintain services. Niall O’Connor, Director of Route Development at Ryanair, reportedly said the airline will need at least three years to return to its 2019 financial health, and that if French airports want to retain services they will need to respect its new conditions.||Ryanair has a record of opposing state support for flag carriers while at the same time benefiting from regional subsidies on many of its routes and airports.||Bloomberg, Aviation24.be||4/24/2020|
|S7 Airlines||The owner of S7 Airlines, Vladislav Filev, has said Russia's air carriers will require state support of at least $5 billion (between 350 and 400 billion rubles) to return to pre-crisis 2019 business levels. Filev said the chances that the Russian government would allocate anything close to that amount are scarce.||S7 Airlines is one of Russia's largest domestic airlines with a fleet of around 103 aircraft.||Russian Aviation Insider||4/23/2020|
|SAS||SAS has been given approximately SEK 3.5 billion ($350 million) in credit guarantees by the Swedish and Danish governments [See 'Denmark' and 'Sweden' in the State Support table for more details]. Jacob Wallenberg, a prominent Swedish banker and industrialist and major investor in SAS, said on 28th April that "very large sums" will be required to keep SAS alive and said the state must be inject more money in the company. The airline also warned in a 7th April statement that while "pleased" to be receiving assistance from Denmark, Sweden and Norway [see Norway in this table], "the earmarked amounts will not suffice to secure and safeguard critical infrastructure if the situation is prolonged."||SAS is part-owned by Sweden (14.82%) and Denmark (14.24%) with the remainder held by private owners.||SvD Naringsliv, Dagens Naeringsliv||4/28/2020|
|SATA Air Acores||The airline told the Lusa news agency that it is ready to use "any tools" of financial assistance at its disposal and said it was studying internally "the different levels of aid" available.||The airline's parent company, SATA SGPS is wholly owned by the government of the Autonomous Region of the Azores.||Lusa, Noticias ao minuto||4/1/2020|
|Smartwings||Smartwings Chairman of the Board Jiří Šimáně has reportedly said the airline would prefer a state guarantee for bank loans but it would also be prepared to discuss the possibility of the government buying a stake in the carrier. Šimáně suggested that the Chinese CITIC Group could sell its stake on the airline to the Czech government [see State Support table for more details]. Šimáně, in a separate interview on 22nd April, alluded to bailouts for flag carriers under negotiation in Germany, the US, Sweden, Denmark, UK and France as prove that the Czech government must also follow suit in helping its national airlines.||Smartwings, which has a fleet of around 35 aircraft including several 737 MAX aircraft, also owns 98% of flag carrier Czech Airlines.||Seznamzpravy, Zdopravy||4/22/2020|
|Spanish carriers||Iberia, Globalia (parent company of Air Europa), Vueling, Volotea and Air Nostrum have reportedly written to the Spanish Transport Ministry and state-owned bank Instituto de Credito Oficial (ICO) to explain their liquidity needs. El Confidencial on 20th April reported that Air Europa had requested a €130 million ($140 million) loan from ICO. On 30th April IAG announced it had received ICO guarantees for two syndicated facilities for Iberia (€750 million or approximately $823 million) and Vueling (€260 million or approximately $285 million). [See 'Spain' in State Support table for more details]||The report states that airlines in Spain have around 90% of their fleet grounded.||IAG, El Confidencial, La Informacion||4/30/2020|
|SpiceJet||SpiceJet owner Ajay Singh said on 24th April that SpiceJet has asked the Indian government for relief to ease the strain on its cash flow. “We’ve asked for some issues which relate to cash flow, which is, of course, in short supply at this time,” Singh said during a TV interview with CNBC. “We have asked them to help out with some of the salary payments, we’ve asked them to help ... with some of the airport charges.” Singh previous said other Indian airlines have also sought short-term relief from the government and have urged, including itself, the government to include jet fuel "in the GST regime."||India suspended flights until 3rd May amid a nationwide lockdown, but reports on 29th April indicated the flight suspension was likely to continue further.||CNBC, Livemint, The Economic Times||4/24/2020|
|Swiss International Air Lines (SWISS)||SWISS and leisure carrier subsidiary Edelweiss Air in a press release on 29th April thanked the Swiss Federal Council's decision to provide the company with a bank loan of CHF 1.5 billion ($1.55 billion) 85% guaranteed by the government.||SWISS CEO Thomas Klühr previously told the Sonntagsblick newspaper that he counted "on the fact that the Federal Council is aware of the importance of SWISS," indicating hopes the Swiss state would step in to help the airline. SWISS is part of the Lufthansa Group, which is actively encouraging governments to support airlines.||SWISS, Swissinfo.ch||3/29/2020|
|TAP Portugal||Shareholder David Neeleman has proposed obtaining a state guarantee for private placements totalling €350 million ($377.6 million) sold through Chinese banks Haitong Bank and ICBC, the Expresso newspaper reported on 22nd April. Portuguese news agency Lusa reported that a letter with the proposal was sent to the Portuguese aviation authority (ANAC) on 20th March. The proposal is reportedly being analysed by the Portuguese government. Earlier on 16th April, TAP chairman Miguel Frasquilho confirmed the airline has requested state aid from the Portuguese government and it expects an answer soon. [See Portugal in State Support table for more details]||TAP Portugal is 50% owned by the Portuguese state, 5% by workers and the remaining stake by airline entrepreneur David Neeleman, sister airline Azul (also partly owned by Neeleman), and Portuguese entrepreneur Humberto Pedrosa.||Presstur, Expresso.pt||4/22/2020|
|Thai carriers (Bangkok Airways, Nok Air, NokScoot, Thai AirAsia, Thai AirAsia X, Thai Lion Air, Thai VietJet Air, Thai Smile)||Eight Thai airlines are seeking soft loans worth 25 billion baht ($771 million) with a 2% interest rate from the government to support themselves through the Covid-19 outbreak. The loans would be paid off over five years starting in 2021, Thai AirAsia Chairman, Tassapon Bijleveld, said on behalf of the eight airlines. Tassapon said the airlines hoped that a quarter of the loan (6.25 billion baht) would be disbursed as early as the end of April.||With the exception of Bangkok Airways and Nok Air, the other airlines are, in whole or in part, subsidiaries of larger airline groups including Thai Airways, Singapore Airlines, AirAsia Group, Lion Air Group and VietJet Air.||Reuters||4/24/2020|
|The Scheduled Airlines Association of Japan||The association thanked the government on 7th April for deferring collection of taxes, national insurance payments and landing fees for one year. The association said revenue for airlines in Japan is expected to decreased by about 500 billion yen ($4.6 billion) for the February to May period. Earlier on 6th April, the Nikkei Asian Review had reported that, according to the association, air carriers in Japan had asked the government for $18 billion in government aid.||At the start of March the association issued a press release calling on the Japanese government to introduce tax exemption measures (such as a waiver on landing and parking fees, and fuel taxes) and requested urgent loans for airlines.||Nikkei, The Scheduled Airlines Association of Japan||4/7/2020|
|Ukraine International Airlines (UIA)||UAI President Evgeny Dykhne said on 27th March the airline has written "the relevant appeals" for state assistance, including a loan from a state bank with favourable terms. According to the Kyiv Post, Dykhne also told website Ukrainska Pravda on 1st April that he has asked the government for subsidies for UIA and other aviation industry enterprises, or at least a “stabilization loan with clear repayment periods,” and said that the state could “mobilize its own banks to help the aviation industry.” He also evoked the possibility of cancelling payments for air navigation services and airport charges for a short period of time after the quarantine is lifted.||UIA is the largest Ukrainian airline and has a fleet of around 35 aircraft. One of their aircraft, a 737-800, was downed shortly after take-off from Tehran in January. Dykhne believes the Ukrainian government has not yet helped the airline because oligarch Ihor Kolomoisky, who is reportedly accused of bank fraud costing the state $5.5 billion, co-owns the enterprise. "For some reason, the government believes that everything done for aviation is done for Kolomoisky, and it’s not in the trend to do anything for Kolomoisky now. Therefore, nothing happens.”||CFTS, Kyiv Post||4/1/2020|
|Vietnam Airlines||Vietnam Airlines says it will need a government financial support package of VND12 trillion ($509 million) to overcome Covid-19 pandemic impacts, VN Express reported on 7th April.||Vietnam Airlines is a state-owned company.||VN Express||4/7/2020|
|Virgin Atlantic||Virgin Atlantic is seeking a £500 million ($620 million) bailout from the UK government comprising a loan and credit guarantee, Travel Weekly reported on 3rd April. On 20th April, Virgin founder Richard Branson pledged its private island in the British Virgin Islands as collateral for the loan after the UK government reportedly rejected its initial bailout proposal. The airline previously appealed to the UK government for support for the UK aviation sector, not just itself, comprising: Emergency credit facilities to a value of £5bn-£7.5bn ($5.8bn-$8bn) and slot alleviation for the full summer 2020 season.||Virgin's requests come after the UK gave defunct carrier Flybe, backed by Virgin, £106 million ($138 million) in levied passenger duties in January. This request and the latest plea by Virgin have been criticised by rival IAG.||Travel Weekly, Virgin Atlantic||4/20/2020|
|Virgin Australia||Virgin Australia filed for voluntary administration on 21st April after failing to obtain a government bailout. Virgin Australia had asked for a A$1.4 billion ($848 million) loan from the Australian government [See 'Australia' in State Support table for more details]. The airline wanted the loan to be part of an industry package worth up to $5 billion ($3 billion), could be converted to an ownership stake in if not repaid in two to three years.||Virgin Australia Holdings, which owns the airline and Tigerair Australia, is owned by Etihad (20.94%), Singapore Airlines (20.09%), Nanshan Group (19.98%), HNA Group (19.82%) and the Virgin Group (10.42%).||Australian Financial Review, Sydney Morning Herald, ASX||4/21/2020|
|Viva Air||Colombian LCC Viva Air has asked the government for a loan at market rates, "not a bailout," CEO Felix Antelo said on 29th April. Antelo said the loan could repaid in six to eight years with a grace period of two to three years. The airline previously said that measures introduced by the Colombian government were "insufficient" as the maximum support each airline is able to access was $1 million.||Viva Air Colombia operates 21 A320-200 aircraft and is a sister airline of Viva Air Peru.||Portafolio, La Republica, Reportur||4/29/2020|
|Volaris||Volaris CEO Enrique Beltranena said during the airline's Q1 earnings call on 24th April that Volaris has been talking to Mexico's central bank, Banco Mex, about a potential credit line to support employment continuity. "I want to make it very clear that I'm not expecting the state to rescue this company. I think it's going to be a minimal support that it's going to be much more through credit and credit terms," Beltranena said during the call.||Volaris is a publicly traded ULCC with a fleet of around 77 Airbus narrowbody aircraft. It is Mexico's second-largest carrier.||Seeking Alpha||4/24/2020|
|Wizz Air||Wizz Air CEO József Váradi told Bloomberg on 1st April that the airline has enough cash to survive 1.5 years and called on states to resist handing out aid to airlines. “Most European airlines have been badly mismanaged when it comes to liquidity (...) now they’re all begging for state support. Governments should only be stepping in in areas of employment and reducing charges such as air-navigation costs,” he said. Váradi said he’s concerned that Germany in particular might dole out billions of euros in backing for Lufthansa, saying that would “completely destroy the market” and set a precedent for bailouts with a social agenda. Only the U.K. appears to be taking a measured approach, he said, with a pledge to provide aid only as a last resort and then on purely commercial terms. Wizz Air on 20th April said it has received confirmation that it is an eligible issuer under the UK government's Covid Corporate Financial Facility (CCFF) which EasyJet [See State Support table] has already accessed.||In the same operational update, Wizz Air, one of the strongest LCC credits, said it is "confident in its ability to survive even a potential prolonged grounding substantially beyond the current estimates for the impact of COVID-19 in Europe" given the "significant balance sheet strength and liquidity" of the company.||Wizz Air||4/20/2020|
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